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56 • Part I. The Creed: The Faith Professed

In language, symbols are often used to communicate a truth. Sym­

bolic language in Scripture, as in literature in general, may use poetry,

parable, story comparisons or metaphors, or other literary forms. In

today’s world, we often use novels, films, plays, songs, and other creative

works to communicate reality in a manner that simple factual presenta-

tions cannot do as effectively.

Through the stories of creation in Chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis, God

reveals himself as the Creator of all that exists, showing particularly

a tender love for the high point of his creation, man and woman. The

majesty and wisdom of God’s creation are celebrated in the eloquence

of the prophets, the lyricism of the Psalms, and the Wisdom writings of

the Old Testament. Through his Incarnation, death, and Resurrection,

Jesus Christ renews all creation, making it his own and filling it with the

Holy Spirit.


God guides his creation toward its completion or perfection through

what we call his

Divine Providence

. This means that God has absolute

sovereignty over all that he has made and guides his creation according

to the divine plan of his will. At the same time, both the evidence of the

world that we discover by our human endeavors and the testimony of

Sacred Scripture show that for the unfolding of his plan, God uses sec-

ondary causes, including the laws of physics, chemistry, and biology, as

well as the cooperation of our own human intellect and will. The Father

of all continues to work with his Son, who is eternal Wisdom, and with

the Holy Spirit, who is the inexhaustible source of life, to guide creation

and humanity to the fullness of God’s truth, goodness, and beauty.


If God has created all things to be good and cares providentially for his

creation, why does evil exist? There is no quick answer to this challeng-

ing question. Christian faith, after centuries of reflecting on the answers

revealed in the Bible, provides the only comprehensive answer. This