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68 • Part I. The Creed: The Faith Professed

Another important aspect of our creation is that God has made us

a unity of body and soul. The human soul is not only the source of

physical life for our bodies but is also the core of our spiritual powers of

knowing and loving. While our bodies come into being through physical

processes, our souls are all created directly by God.

God created man and woman, equal to each other as persons and in

dignity. Each is completely human and is meant to complement the other

in a communion of persons, seen most evidently in marriage.

Finally, we need to recognize that God created the first humans in a

state of original holiness and justice, so that we are able to live in harmony

with his plan. By his gracious will, he enabled us to know and love him,

thus calling us to share his life. Our first parents also had free will and

thus could be tempted by created things to turn away from the Creator.


The doctrine of original sin is, so to speak, the “reverse

side” of the Good News that Jesus is the Savior of all

men, that all need salvation, and that salvation is offered

to all through Christ.

—CCC, no. 389

Why is it that, with the best of intentions, we find it so difficult to do

what is right? We can look for an explanation in the opening chapters of

the Book of Genesis. Here the seemingly endless struggle between good

and evil is described in the imagery of the serpent tempting Adam and

Eve with the forbidden fruit.

God said to them, “You are free to eat from any of the trees of the

garden except the tree of knowledge of good and bad. From that tree

you shall not eat; the moment you eat from it, you are surely doomed to

die” (Gn 2:16‑17). The tempter, however, said, “You certainly will not

die! No, God knows well that the moment you eat of it your eyes will be

opened and you will be like gods who know what is good and what is

bad” (Gn 3:4‑5). Adam and Eve chose their own desires, based on a lie,